Lead a discussion in which you ask students to identify visual evidence
of protest or persuasion in their everyday lives. Examples might include
T-shirts; advertisements, CD-album covers; vandalism in the form of graffiti;
unconventional clothing, jewelry, and hair styles; or the more permanent
visual evidence of tattoos.
Explain that there is a strong tradition of protest and persuasion in Chicana/o
and Mexican art. Divide the class into five groups, each group addressing
the art of one of the following artists: Judith
Baca, Carlos Cortez, Luis
Guerra, Diego Rivera, and José
Guadalupe Posada. If the class is large, two separate groups can
work with each artist.
Provide each small group with a reproduction of the work of Judith Baca,
Carlos Cortez, Luis Guerra, Diego Rivera or José Guadalupe Posada.
(See Computer Reproductions.)
Identify each artwork by artist, title, date, medium, and size. Ask each
Conclude the lesson by asking students to list concerns that are relevant
to them in some way. Group together similar concerns and note differences
or conflicts among concerns. Ask students to indicate which concerns they
think are most important and why.
Finally, ask each student to identify two or three situations or events
that he or she might choose to protest or persuade others about. Students
might be interested in such causes as Students Against Drunk Driving, Mothers
Against Drunk Driving, D.A.R.E., labor strikes, anti-pollution or environmental
issues, or ribbons (such as red ribbons for AIDS) that show an individual's
concern for some cause.
During presentations note whether students are able to point to subject
matter, as well as external information, supporting their interpretations
of artworks. Note whether they are able to generate questions prior to seeking
further information and to revise or ask new questions after reading information.
Items for Protest and Persuasion Portfolio might include:
Reproductions of artworks by Judith Baca, Carlos Cortez, Luis Guerra, Diego
Rivera, and José Guadalupe Posada. (See
sample T-shirts, advertisements, rock concert posters or CD covers
Art for Protest and Persuasion
© 2001 Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University. All Rights